The part II Chapter 1 of the Constitution of Pakistan deals with the fundamental rights of a person, right to worship and cultural and educational rights, which provides the right to life and liberty, equality before the law, freedom of speech and expression, liberty of thought, fair trial and right against discrimination, etc

Whenever a person is affected by any illegal act or omission of public officials or of any public office, he may approach the High Court under article 199 of the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan or the Supreme Court under article 184 of the constitution to issue the appropriate writ. However, a person may approach the High Court when there is an infringement of fundamental rights as well as legal rights although Supreme Court entertains a writ only in those cases where there is a violation of the fundamental rights. The writ petition may be invoked against a private person who is acting illegally in partnership with any public authority.